Every year, two most promising research initiatives will be selected and awarded funding for research staff and equipment/ resources for a period of four years. The initial idea must have the support of a transdisciplinary team consisting of three to five principal investigators. Selected ideas will be further developed in an Exploratory Workshop at TUM’s Institute for Advanced Study (TUM-IAS). Eventually these initiatives should bring together transdisciplinary teams of seven to ten principal investigators who will work with an additional group of up to ten PhD students/ postdocs. Once the Innovation Networks are ready to go, they will be supported by the International Graduate School of Science and Engineering (IGSSE). One third of the PhD/ postdoc resources required must be contributed by the project partners themselves (matched contributions).